|1||Shake a Tail Feather||02:26||Amazon|
|3||Mashed Potatoes U.S.A.||02:53||Amazon|
|Black culture had a real influence on dance and other art forms in the 20th century. After the American civil war a surge of people from the Caribbean and Deep South migrated into North American cities. In New York the district of Harlem became home to black people from different cultural traditions with their own dances and music.|
|4||Do Wa Diddi||02:19||Amazon|
|5||Carl’s Dance Party||02:25||Amazon|
|6||Teach Me How to Shimmy||02:27||Amazon|
The first all black musical on Broadway called Shuffle Along opened in 1921. This was a smash hit, creating an interest in black dance in the theatre. The show also developed opportunities for individual black performers and dancers. In 1923 the Broadway hit Running Wild came to England and the Charleston became the dance of the decade.
|8||The Greasy Chicken||03:10||Amazon|
The Revue Nègre in Paris introduced the dancer Josephine Baker. She became a huge star in Europe but was never as popular in America (where racial tension continued to marginalise black dance and dancers). All black musicals disappeared from Broadway in the 1920s when white musicals started to employ more black performers and black dance was incorporated into their programme.
|9||Foot Stomping, Pt. 1||02:17||Amazon|
In Britain, black dancers appeared in musicals and revues from the early 20th century. In the 1920s Florence Mills starred in the Broadway musical Shuffle Along (which inspired the growing popularity for tap dancing) and later Plantation Review which toured to London in 1924.
|10||Now Let’s Popeye, Pt. 2||02:37||Amazon|
|11||The Chicken Scratch||02:39||Amazon|
In 1933 C. B. Cochran invited Buddy Bradley to London to work on the Rodgers and Hart musical Evergreen. It was the first time a black dancer had worked on an all white show.
|17||Do the Camel Walk||02:31||Amazon|
In the 1950s and 60s Arthur Mitchell challenged the myth that black dancers were unsuited to ballet. He grew up in the Harlem district of New York and when he was 18 won a scholarship to the School of American Ballet. On graduation in 1956, he joined New York City Ballet and danced with them for 15 years. George Balanchine, the choreographer and founder of the company, created many roles for him, including the ballets Agon and A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
|22||The Bossa Nova Watusi Twist||04:57||Amazon|
|23||(Do The) Mashed Potatoes, Pt. 1||01:48||Amazon|
|26||Do the Hully Gully||01:50||Amazon|
|27||Pass the Bug||02:37||Amazon|
|1||Shout and Shimmy||03:16||Amazon|
|2||Mashed Potatoe Time||02:32||Amazon|
The American Ballet Theater’s first black male principal dancer, Richardson went on to dance with Complexions Contemporary Ballet. From a 1991 New York Times article:
|6||Twist It Up||02:37||Amazon|
|9||Dish Rag, Pt. 1||02:23||Amazon|
|11||(Baby) Hully Gully||02:07||Amazon|
|14||The Continental Walk||02:21||Amazon|
|16||Dance the Bommerang||02:07||Amazon|
|20||The Splib, Pt. 1||02:06||Amazon|
|22||Shake Shout & Soul||02:51||Amazon|
|23||Do the Bug||02:34||Amazon|
|24||Twistin’ With the King||02:45||Amazon|
|25||The (Bossa Nova) Bird||02:45||Amazon|
|29||The Madison, Pts. 1-2||03:55||Amazon|
|31||Twist and Shout||02:04||Amazon|